• IELTS (International English Language Testing System)

    This test is for people who intend to study or work where English is the language of communication. It measures ability to communicate in English across all four language skills – listening, reading, writing and speaking. IELTS is jointly managed by British Council, IDP: IELTS Australia and the University of Cambridge ESOL Examinations (Cambridge ESOL) through more than 350 locations in 120 countries.

    • It opens doors for you to more than 2000 educational institutions, government agencies and professional organizations across 120 countries where IELTS scores are recognized as a trusted and valid indicator of ability to communicate in English. IELTS is an English Language Proficiency test that is required to be taken by non-native students for study in countries where the medium of instruction is English. Among the popular study destinations IELTS is accepted by universities in UK, Australia, New Zealand, Canada and USA.

    • It has become a mandatory test for students of many nationalities to obtain student visas to Australia. You cannot be granted an Australian student visa without an IELTS score if you are from India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal and many other countries, TOEFL is not accepted. All other study destinations either require you to take the TOEFL or IELTS. IELTS is however not accepted by most universities in USA. TOEFL is required as a proof of English proficiency to study there.

    • IELTS is offered as 2 types of tests. One, General Test, that is required to be taken by applicants who wish to seek permanent residence or employment in countries like Australia. Two, the Academic Test, to be taken by students who wish to Study Abroad.

    • IELTS tests the ability to listen, read, write and speak in English. Band scores are used for each language sub-skill (Listening, Reading, Writing, and Speaking). The Band Scale ranges from 1 (“Non User”) to 9 (“Expert User”) the four Band Scores, one for each section are added together and averaged for an Overall Band Score. Each Band has a statement giving a summary of the English at that level. There are nine Band levels, from one (non-user) to nine (expert user). All candidates must complete four Modules – Listening, Reading, Writing and speaking to obtain an IELTS Test Report Form. Total Test Time 2 hours 45 minutes.

    • The first three modules – Listening, Reading and Writing – must be completed in one day. The Speaking Module may be taken, at the discretion of the test center, in the period seven days before or after the other Modules. The tests are designed to cover the full range of ability from non-user to expert user.

    • The minimum score accepted for a course ranges from 5.0 to 7.5, depending upon courses and institutes you are applying to. The most common requirement is a band score of 6 to 6.5.

  • PTE (The Pearson Test of English)

    The Pearson Test of English Academic (PTE Academic) is an English Language test designed to assess the readiness of non-native English speakers to participate in a university-level English language instruction program. PTE Academic is accepted by universities in USA, UK, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, amongst others. It was created by Pearson Language Tests part of the Pearson PLC group and endorsed by GMAC® (Graduate Management Admission Council), owners of GMAT® (Graduate Management Admission Test). It is a computer-based exam which focuses on real-life English used in academic surroundings. Throughout the test, students will listen to a variety of accents and academic language encountered at higher education institutions in English speaking countries.

    A good SAT score will certainly increase your chances of secure admission in better colleges/universities. Your SAT subject score is measured on a scale of 200 to 800. Usually a SAT score of about 500 in every section (Mathematics, Writing and Critical Reading) is considered as a good score to get admission in good colleges/universities.

    Test Modules

    These modules assess all communications skills of a test taker.

    Speaking & Writing
    Module includes

    • Reading a Text Aloud

    • Repeating a sentence

    • Describing an Image

    • Re-telling a Lecture

    • Answering short questions

    • Summarizing a text

    • Writing an essay

    Module includes

    • Summarizing spoken text

    • Multiple Choice Questions based on recording

    • Fill blanks in a transcript based on recording

    • Writing a dictation.

    Academic Structure

    Part Time Allowed
    Introduction Un-timed
    Speaking and Writing 77-93 minutes
    Reading 32-41 minutes
    Optional Break 10 minutes
    Listening 45-57 minutes

    The test is administered in a single 3 hours test session. The test is divided into 3 timed sections, 1 short un-timed introduction and an optional 10 minute break.

    Test Scores are available online usually within 5 business days from taking the test. Test taker can report scores to any number of institutions for free. Selected institutions can retrieve scores online usually within 48 hours

  • SAT (Scholastic Aptitude Test)

    SAT (Scholastic Aptitude Test/ SAT-I) is a prerequisite Reasoning Test conducted for the admissions of undergraduate programs in United States. It is a 3 hour test that determines the proficiency of the students in verbal, mathematical and reasoning skills that are required to evaluate the skills needed to complete the academic successfully. The test is administered several times a year. Many universities also require SAT-II test score along with the SAT-I score for admission. Every year around 2 million students take SAT. Many colleges and universities finds SAT as a more credible test for predicting the student’s competence. The test scores are valid up to 5 years of the test date.

    • Typically, SAT reasoning test are categorized into three major sections, Critical Reading, Writing and Mathematics, with a total of 10 sub-sections including a dummy section. These sections are discussed below:

    • Typically, SAT reasoning test are categorized into three major sections, Critical Reading, Writing and Mathematics, with a total of 10 sub-sections including a dummy section. These sections are discussed below:

    • SAT exam begins with Critical reading questions that determine various reading comprehension skills. It includes two 25-minute sections and one 20-minute section with 48 reading comprehension questions and 19 sentence completion questions. The scores are scaled on a 200-800 point scale with the total time limit of 70 minutes. This module consists of the following subsections:

    • Sentence Completion: It measures the vocabulary of the applicants and understanding the sentence structure i.e., how the different parts of a sentence fit logically together. Here each sentence has one or two blank space which has to be filled correctly with the given multiple choices.

    • Passage-based Reading: This section comprises two types of passage reading, Vocabulary in Context and Literal Comprehension. It measures the reading abilities of the students and thinking carefully about different passages ranging from 100 to 850 words approximately. These passages will be extracted from a variety of fields like, humanities, social studies, natural sciences, and literary fiction

      • Very high level of performance
      • High level of performance; i.e., able to use English with fluency and accuracy adequate for professional needs
      • Good level of performance; however, not acceptable to a range of health and medical councils
      • Moderate level of performance: requires improvement
      • Low level of performance: requires considerable improvement
    • The writing section of SAT is based on the old SAT-II subject test in writing. The total time limit of writing section is 60 minutes. It includes multiple choice questions and a brief essay. The essay score accounts to be around 30% of the writing score and the multiple choice component accounts to be around 70%.

    • The multiple choice questions include, Error Identification, Sentence Improvement questions that tests for grammar knowledge and Paragraph Improvement questions that test for student’s understanding of logical organization of ideas.The essay section is administered as the first part of the test, which has 25 minutes of time limit. They have to be written in response to the specified prompt, which are typically philosophical and are designed to be accessible to students despite of their educational and social backgrounds.

    • This section is also known as Quantitative Section determines important skills like, estimation and number sense using multiple choice questions and student response questions. Mathematics section includes topics like, exponential growth, absolute value, and functional notation. It consisting of three scored sections:

      • A 25 minutes section – It contains 20 multiple choice (problem solving) questions to be completed in 25 minutes
      • Another 25-minute section – It contains 8 multiple choice (problem solving) questions and 10 grid-in questions, within the time limit of 25 minutes
      • A shorter section of 16 multiple choice (problem solving) questions to be completed in 20 minutes of time
    • In addition there will be a dummy section formally called as Variable or Equation section with the time limitation of 20 minutes. However this section does not count towards the individual score and they cannot be recognized in the test so as to not skipping those questions. They are only used for the future edition of SAT Structure of SAT Test

    • Sections Mathematics Section Critical Reading Section Writing Section
      Time 70 Minutes 70 Minutes 60 Minutes
      Sections 25-min. sections (2) &
      20-min. section (1)
      25-min. sections (2) &
      20-min. section (1)
      Multiple Choices – 35 min. &
      Essays section – 25 min
      Content – Number & operations;
      – Algebra & Functions;
      – Geometry;
      – Statistics,
      – Probability, &
      – Data Analysis
      – Critical Reading
      – Reading comprehension,
      – Sentence completions, & paragraph-length
      Grammar, usage, and word choice
      Marks 800 800 800
    • The three parts of SAT are scored separately as reading score, a writing score, and a math score that range from 200 to 800 each. The average score of each section will be about 500. This average score is acceptable by almost all the colleges and universities. Yet few top colleges/universities expect for above average SAT scores of above 2100, which would puts in the 90 percentile.

    • A good SAT score will certainly increase your chances of secure admission in better colleges/universities. Your SAT subject score is measured on a scale of 200 to 800. Usually a SAT score of about 500 in every section (Mathematics, Writing and Critical Reading) is considered as a good score to get admission in good colleges/universities.

    • College SAT Math SAT Critical Reading SAT Writing
      Auburn (Main Campus) 520 – 630 500 – 610 510 – 620
      Carleton 660 – 740 670 – 750 640 – 740
      Duke 690 – 790 690 – 770 680 – 780
      Harvard 700 – 790 690 – 800 690 – 780
      Middlebury 640 – 740 630 – 740 630 – 740
      Pomona 680 – 760 690 – 760 680 – 760
      Stanford 680 – 780 660 – 760 670 – 770
      UCLA 610 – 720 570 – 680 580 – 690
      MIT, Massachusetts Institute of Technology 720 – 800 660 – 760 660 – 750
    • With this Information, you will be able to analyze the requirement of SAT score in your preferred colleges. Good SAT score even helps in seeking scholarships and financial aids for the entire study program

  • GRE (Graduate Record Examinations)Test

    There are two types of GRE® tests:

    • GRE® General Test
    • GRE® Subject Test

    The GRE® General Test measures verbal reasoning, quantitative reasoning, critical thinking, and analytically writing skills that have been acquired over a long period of time and that are not related to any specific field of study. The GRE® General Test is required by many graduate and professional schools in the U.S and is an important criterion for admission to their graduate programmers. Applicants must submit their GRE® scores together with certain other records/requirements as part of the process of admission to graduate schools. The GRE® is administered by Educational Testing Services (ETS). ETS is responsible for conducting the GRE® test under the guidance of the college education board of the U.S. GRE is a multiple-choice Computer Adaptive test and it is a mandatory for students seeking Master's Degree or PhD degrees in the USA for most of the Universities.

    • Verbal section : The skills measured include the test taker’s ability to analyze and evaluate written material and synthesize information obtained from it analyze relationships among component parts of sentences recognize relationships between words and concepts.

    • 30 questions in 30 minutes

    • Score range:200 – 800 Analogies, Antonyms, Sentence Completion, Reading Comprehension

    • Quantitative Section : The skills measured include the test taker’s ability to understand basic concepts of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, and data analysis reason quantitatively solve problems in a quantitative setting

    • 28 questions in 45 minutes / Score range: 200 – 800

    • Quantitative Comparison, Discrete Math, Data Interpretation

    • The skills measured include the test taker’s ability to articulate complex ideas clearly and effectively examine claims and accompanying evidence support ideas with relevant reasons and examples sustain a well-focused, coherent discussion control the elements of standard written English

      • 2 essays
      • Analysis of an Issue (45 minutes)
      • Analysis of an Argument (30 minutes)
    • Total score range for the test: 400 – 1600 (Verbal + Quantitative); 0 – 6 (AWA)
      The GRE® scores are technically valid for five years However, most of the top universities do not consider scores more than two years old. Being a Computer Adaptive Test, it is conducted throughout the year, on all weekdays you can register for the test online at www.gre.org OR by post/ telephone/ fax.
      The GRE is a computer-adaptive test, which means your performance on previous questions determines which question you’ll be asked next. The change to GRE has been canceled.

    • The GRE® Test is a CAT (Computer Adaptive Test). This means that the computer adapts the level of the questions to the test-taker’s ability. Initially questions of medium difficulty level are administered to test – taker. If he / she answers these questions correctly, a more difficult question is given. Otherwise, an easier question is administered. So, at every stage, the computer tailors the test to the examine’s level. In this examination, the score depends both on the number of questions attempted and the number of correct responses.

    • Some points which you must know about the Computer Adaptive Test : In verbal section each question has five answer choices and you must select one choice as your answer. In the quantitative ability section each problem solving and data interpretation question has five answer choices. However, quantitative comparison questions have only 4 answer choices. Only one question appears at a time. To move to the next question, you have to mark an answer to the question that is currently on your screen. Once you have confirmed your answer to a question you can’t go back to a question and change your answer. The questions are graded into 5 categories ranging from the easy to the hard category. More points are awarded for getting the harder questions right. You are penalized for not completing the test. Hence, your score depends on your accuracy, the difficulty level of the questions and the number of questions you attempted. At the beginning of the test, every candidate gets a question of average difficulty level (level 2 or 3). Questions in the verbal and the quantitative sections need not always be administered in groups. For example, if the first question that appears in the verbal section is an antonym, then you need not necessarily get a series of questions on antonyms alone. Two questions on antonyms may be followed by one question on analogies, followed by one on sentence completion. In other words, questions can appear in any particular order. Similarly, in the quantitative section, one question on problem solving may be followed by one question on quantitative comparison. This may be followed by one question on problem solving. Hence, the type of question that will come next cannot be predicted

  • TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language)

    Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) is a compulsory English test conducted for every student from non-English speaking country looking for overseas education in English speaking countries like, USA, UK, etc. It is a test conducted for assessing the fundamental abilities in English and is accepted by over 6000 colleges and universities in 110 countries. This is over 3 times the number of any other English-language proficiency test. The test is administered in 180 countries at more than 1275 test sites. A TOEFL score is valid for two years and then is deleted from the official database. The maximum score for Internet based TOEFL (Computer Based TOEFL) is 120.

    • Performing TOEFL test provides several benefits that help you to assists for your overseas education. Some of them are:

      • Regardless to the place where you want to study, TOEFL test enables you to reach your desired destination. Depending on the test score will be eligible for getting admission in college or university in the world.

      • There is much flexibility in performing a TOEFL test whenever you want to take. You will be offered practice tools and feedback, and more alternatives to study abroad than any other English-language test in the world

      • TOEFL enables you various amenities such as, listening to lectures, view films, attend seminars, read textbooks, perform online research, speak with professors and other students, write academic papers, reports, e-mails and more

    • TOEFL test consists of four distinct modules, each determining the essential language proficiency that is used in the atmosphere of the academic

      • Reading This module determines the proficiency of understanding intellectual reading issues. The Reading module consists of 3-5 comprehensive passages (long passages and questions asked about them). They are chosen from the academic topics, which are found in undergraduate university textbooks.
      • Listening This module determines the proficiency of understanding the English since it is used in the colleges and universities. Listening module consists of 6 comprehensive passages, two passages will be the conversations of the students and the other four will be academic lectures or discussions. Students have to understand the conversations and answer for the passage questions.
      • Speaking This module determines the proficiency of speaking in English. Speaking module consists of 6 tasks, two independent tasks and four integrated tasks. In the independent tasks, students have to answer opinion questions concerning to the academic life. In two of the integrated tasks, students have to read a passage, listen to a passage and speak about how the ideas in the two passages are related.In the other two integrated tasks, students have to listen to long passages, review them and speak about the information in the passages.
      • Writing This module determines the proficiency of writing that is pertinent for colleges and universities assignments. This module consists of two tasks, one independent task where students have to read an academic passage, listen to an academic passage and write their reviews about the two passages. Another is the integrated task where students have to write an own essay
    • Total score range for the test: 400 – 1600 (Verbal + Quantitative); 0 – 6 (AWA)
      The GRE® scores are technically valid for five years However, most of the top universities do not consider scores more than two years old. Being a Computer Adaptive Test, it is conducted throughout the year, on all weekdays you can register for the test online at www.gre.org OR by post/ telephone/ fax.
      The GRE is a computer-adaptive test, which means your performance on previous questions determines which question you’ll be asked next. The change to GRE has been canceled.

    • Section Description Testing Time Questions Score Scale
      Reading 3-5 passages from academic texts;
      approximately 700 words long; 12-14 questions per passage.
      60-100 minutes 36-70 questions 0-30
      Listening 4-6 lectures, some with classroom discussion;
      each 3-5 minutes long; 6 questions each.
      2-3 conversations; each 3 minutes long; 5 questions each.
      60-90 minutes 34-51 questions 0-30
      Break 10 minutes
      Speaking 2 tasks to express an opinion on a familiar topic;
      4 tasks to speak based on what is read and listened to.
      20 minutes 6 tasks 0-4 points converted to 0-30 score scale
      Writing 1 task to write based on what is read and listened to;
      1 task to support an opinion on a topic.
      50 minutes 2 tasks 0-5 points converted to 0-30 score scale
      Total Score 0-120
    • Post Secondary Level TOEFL @ iBT
      Maximum Score 120
      Graduate Programs 100
      Maximum Undergraduate 92
      Minimum Undergraduate 86
      College 80
      Community College 61
      Time Length 4:30 hrs
  • GMAT (Graduate Management Admission Test)

    GMAT (Graduate Management Admission Test) is a computer based standardized test that assesses the aptitude abilities in a person for accomplishing the academic of business curriculum. Students from different backgrounds belonging to different countries in the world can take the GMAT test. This test is a decisive part for admissions in more than 4000 graduate programs in 1800 schools around the world. Presently, several leading Business Schools in India also require GMAT scores for admission.

    • The GMAT test consists of following three modules that determines fundamental verbal, mathematical and analytically writing skills in the test taker. The maximum score for GMAT is 800 and the mean score is 533 in 2005-06. The test score is valid for 5 years.

      • Analytically Writing Assessment (AWA)
        In this module test taker has to prevail two writing tasks, Analysis of an Issue and Analysis of an Argument. The maximum time limit will be 30 minutes for writing each essay. The range of test score in AWA range from 0-60 points, representing the average ratings of two essays.

      • Quantitative section
        This module consists of 37 multiple choice questions, which has to be completed within 75 minutes. The test evaluates the competence of arithmetic, elementary algebra, and common geometry which are categorized into two types of tasks: Data Sufficiency and Problem Solving. The range of test score in Quantitative section range from 0-60 points

      • Verbal section
        This module consists of 41 multiple choice questions, which are categorized into three tasks – reading comprehension, critical reasoning, and sentence correction. The maximum time limit for completing this module is of 75 minutes. The range of test score in verbal section range from 0-60 points. Moreover, there will be few pretest questions (they are not scored) assorted in verbal and quantitative sections, which cannot be identified. Therefore, you have to answer all the questions in the test.

      • Maximum Time Limit : 3 hours and 45 mts
      • Maximum Test Score : 800
      • Mean Score (2005-06) 533
    • Modules Number of Questions Time Limit
      Analytically Writing
      Analysis of an Argument (30 minutes)
      Analysis of an Issue (30 minutes)
      2 Essays 60 Minutes
      Optional 5 Minutes Break
      Quantitative Section
      Problem Solving (23 to 24 questions)
      Data Sufficiency (13 to 14 questions)
      37 47 Minutes
      Optional 5 Minutes Break
      Verbal Section
      Critical Reasoning (14-15 questions)
      Sentence Correction (14-15 questions)
      Reading Comprehension
      (4passages with 12-14 questions)
      41 75 Minutes
    • With an addition of 300 new questions (within the question bank) in two of the three sections of GMAT, the test has become tougher for students to crack. Altogether about 33% questions have been added, which brings in a change of more than one third to the test. These changes have been announced in May 2009.

    • Following are the changes made:

      Verbal Section:
      • Sentence Correction type – More questions emphasizing on pronoun and modifier rules. Lesser focus on comparisons and idioms-related questions. A total of 57 new questions have been added to the question bank.
      • Reading Comprehension type – Two Biology related passages have been replaced with one on Social Science and the other on Business.43 questions have been introduced.
      • Critical Reading type – 50 old questions have been replaced with 50 new questions.

      Quantitative Section:
      • Problem Solving type – 19 questions have been removed in this section and 56 questions have been added.
      • Data Sufficiency type – Reduction of questions related to fractions, decimals and percentages. Questions related to Algebra have also been reduced. Also, 75 old problems have been replaced with 94 new problems in the question bank. Data Sufficiency question type within this test has got more new questions introduced than other sections. No changes have been made to the Analytical Written Assessment (AWA) Section.